Tuesday, November 5, 2019

Temperature for Frost to Form on a Golf Course

By M.L. Rose 


Frost is a form of ice and can only survive at temperatures of 32 degrees Fahrenheit and below. But that doesn’t mean the measured air temperature must be 32 or below for frost to form on a surface. Green grass, for example, absorbs sunlight and heat during the day, then loses heat when the sun goes down, so the grass’s temperature may be lower than the surrounding air temperature. This temperature differential causes moisture to condense on the grass during the night. If the temperature of the grass then falls below freezing, the moisture may crystallize into frost. This can occur even when the nearby air temperature is in the upper 30s, particularly when the air is calm.

When and Where Frost Occurs 

Frost may occur overnight, but it often forms at sunrise, before the temperature begins to rise. Frost formation on grass is possible in any location in which the blades’ temperature falls to 32 or below, including warm-weather states such as Florida, California and Arizona. For example, overnight frost may form on an Arizona course on days when the high temperature reaches 70.

Damage to Grass

Frost itself doesn’t damage grass in the way that it may damage other growing things, such as citrus fruit. However, golfers walking on frosty turf may harm the grass quite badly. Because the grass on putting greens is cut so low, around 1/8 inch, it is particularly vulnerable to damage when it’s covered by frost. When a golfer walks on frost-covered grass it is more likely than normal to break and suffer ruptured cell walls.

 Delayed Impact

The damage caused by walking on frost-covered grass may take two to three
days to appear. By that time the damaged blades may turn purple or black,
eventually fading to a very light brown. If the plant’s growing point is
undamaged, however, the grass should regenerate. If the growing point is
damaged, the plant may die. Additionally, weaker grass, even if it doesn’t die,
may be more susceptible to disease and weed formation.

Wednesday, October 2, 2019


We can only hope the weather starts to cooperate with golfers here in Texas…it’s been a rough couple seasons between excessive rain and this September’s mini drought plus record-setting heat!

The Lakes renovation project has been affected by the wet, then dry, hot weather rollercoaster. After 60+ lost workdays the sprigging effort was pushed back to mid August, six weeks behind schedule. When the final sprigs went down conditions were less than ideal with high soil temps and dry layers of clay. Despite these challenges the majority of fairways are growing in nicely as are greens and tee complexes. The final step now is overseeding (winter ryegrass) all fairways on the Lakes course to get it playable and ready for golfer traffic (divots, maintenance and other demands on the turf). Overseeding requires proper (not too hot or cold) temps so we will delay until a cooler forecast becomes reality and allows the winter rye to germinate.

We are ready and know you are too, but we continue to be patient and wait for the weather to give us a break. While we are disappointed weather issues have hindered progress, there is much to look forward to and we keep saying it…‘good things come to those who wait’! The new cart paths are beautiful and ride like a dream, this along with level tees, smoothed out fairways and smart architectural details all combine to promise a new and improved experience for our players to enjoy. Stay tuned for reopening updates (fingers crossed for mid-November)…we post the latest on Facebook and via the Indian Creek APP ‘Course News’ section.



Friday, August 9, 2019

Pro Tip: Staying cool - keep yourself looking AND feeling healthy!

Many golfers and golf students work in an indoor environment and people can suffer from heat illness this time of year when they are unprepared or not acclimated to the 90-100 degree temps

We want our golfers to stay healthy, happy and stylish so here are some important reminders for preparing for outdoor activity, especially for a prolonged period of time! 🥵

Wear light fabrics and be sure to find athletic wear that breathes or has moisture-wicking capability.

Make headwear do double duty, it protects skin from UV damage and keeps you cooler!

Pre hydrate!  All of us on the professional staff at Indian Creek ensure we drink at least a gallon of water during the 12 hours prior to going out in the elements for golf lessons, playing or just hanging outside.  Then when we’re out there…a minimum 8oz of WATER every 3 holes = 48oz during your round or 12oz/hour.  Depends on how much you sweat so consult with your medical team for your optimal hydration goals.

Our favorites of the moment…

Columbia Golf makes ultra-light fabric golf shirts and are in stock, we love the ‘fishing’ inspired button-up and the light moisture-wicking fabrics!

Grab some cheap sunglasses, but be sure they have UVA/UVB protection like these.  We offer different lenses and styles to suit your golf game.


Full coverage bucket-style sun hats look stylish AND save your skin!

Ice Rays arm sleeves and No Sweat hat liners save you from annoying sunscreen application…it can get a bit slick when you’re trying to grip a club and see your ball through stinging eyes.

Tuesday, July 30, 2019

Sprigging Tees, Fairways & Greens

We are in the final stages of renovation on the Lakes course!  

Sprigging is a labor-intense process, one that begins with cutting and transporting the delicate sprigs to get them in the ground and ‘seeded’ for cultivation, then grown in while the summer heat is in full force.  Supplied by King Ranch Turfgrass, all putting surfaces are sprigged with TifEagle, while fairways and tees use Tifway 419.  Challenges have been brought on by wet conditions this summer including the outer bands of Hurricane Barry causing a delay in the harvest of our sprigs during the second week of July, for healthy turf, sprigs must be cut dry then refrigerated for transport.  Weather delays are part of the budgeted timeline, but 2019 proved to be a special challenge with summer storms and heavy rains.

Sprigging is the planting of sprigs, plant sections cut from rhizomes or stolons that includes crowns and roots, at spaced intervals in furrows or holes.[1] Depending on the environment, this may be done by hand or with mechanical row planters.[1][2] Sprigging uses no soil with the plant and is an alternative to seeding (planting seeds directly), plugging (transplanting plugs with intact soil and roots), and sodding (installing harvested sheets of sod).[2]

Stolonizing is essentially broadcast sprigging, using cut stolons and rhizomes spread uniformly over an area mechanically or by hand, then covered with soil or pressed into the planting bed by various means.[2][3]

Wikipedia contributors. (2019, June 1). Sprigging. In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 18:14, July 18, 2019, from https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Sprigging&oldid=899771359

Sprigs are transported in burlap sacks, carried to greens then opened up for distribution.  It is not as simple as throwing out seed; with sprigs, it is imperative to maintain proper coverage for consistent and effective grow-in. 

Once the sprigs are spread they get pressed in with special equipment, then watered…HEAVILY!  (VIEW HERE)  The typical watering schedule for newly sprigged Bermuda varies but for this project we employ a 5-10 minute cycle on the hour every hour as monitored by staff to keep fragile new sprigs intact.  With no root system established the reason for heavy watering is to get the plants to root in until there is noticeable plant growth.

Sodding Surrounds

The surrounds of all green and tee complexes are solid sodded where necessary.   Machines layout the sod rolls with assistance from the crew, and then they help fit the pieces together and get seams tight for optimal coverage.

Sodding surrounds #LakesCourseRenovation from Indian Creek GC on Vimeo.
This machine drops sprigs and presses them in. This can be done in areas where coverage and terrain are more adaptable and can handle larger equipment.

Monday, July 1, 2019

Lakes Course Renovation Update – July

‘It’s all Happening!’

Cart Paths are near 80% complete as the Lakes Course renovation enters its 7th full month of work.  We have lost a few weeks due to storms and heavy rain events, at least half of this lost time was budgeted; however, the abnormal length of the storm season has delayed progress.  The projected project completion is now moved to early fall.

Fairways are currently being tilled, then smoothing and any reshaping will be done, followed by sprigging and grow in.   

Greens surrounds are being sodded, the next step will be sprigging!
Tif Eagle is the type of Bermuda grass being used to reestablish greens on the Lakes Course.  This is an effective grass type for our climate and conditions; the Lakes Course will now be the same turf as the practice green and Creek Course.

Tee boxes are being prepped for sprigging as well; all shaping, topsoil and sand layers have been completed on all 18 holes.

Finish work is set for August, so the final flyover video will reveal an amazing transformation of the Lakes Course at Indian Creek…we can’t wait, but thank you for your patience while we work to make ICGC the best ever!

June Lakes Renovation update from Indian Creek GC on Vimeo.

Tuesday, June 4, 2019

Lakes Course Renovation: June Update

Green complexes are all in the process of reconstruction while cart paths are being framed, poured and smoothed around the entire course.  Main lines are in, lateral lines will be the next phase of the irrigation project.  A short delay is expected due to excessive rain days.  Will continue to update as the next 6 weeks unfolds.

Construction Foremen, Architect, Superintendent and General Manager all meet weekly to approve the green complex layout and other details of the project.

Painted lines indicate drainage map 

Elevation changes labeled to maintain contouring

Drainage going in and rock layer being dumped and spread

The top layer of sand mix finishes the USGA specs for new greens

Cart paths are being framed, poured, smoothed and finished